While gasification has been around since the late 18th century, almost all implementations were designed to process wood or coal to produce “town gas” for lighting and heating. During WWII, all oil in Europe was diverted to the military; so over 1 million gasifiers were put to use to provide “gasogene” fuel for automobiles.
Gaining interest recently as one solution in the renewable energy equation, gasification is resurging back onto the scene. During the past few years, new technological advances, which specifically target biomass as feedstock rather than coal, provide more efficient designs with 21st century byproducts. For instance, today the output from gasification is used directly in electric generation, bio-fuel production, and production of other consumable liquids or gases; like methane and hydrogen.
Converting Biomass into Energy
There are various methods for converting biomass into Green Energy, but the efficiencies and products of each method provide different outputs. We have chosen to concentrate our efforts on the most recent advanced gasification technology initiatives.
Biomass gasification transforms organic materials into a synthesis gas (syngas) that is used like natural gas. Syngas is burned directly in internal combustion engines, used to produce methanol and hydrogen, or converted into synthetic fuel. A second and highly useful product of the gasification process is biochar; the mostly solid carbon residue that falls out of the gasification process.
Small Modular Gasification
During the last couple of years, a new initiative in gasification has emerged. The concept is to bring the gasification process to the feedstock rather than transporting the feedstock to the gasification plant. It turns out that this theory in practice may give better economic returns in both logistics and scale. Small gasification systems produce syngas, which in turn operate electric producing generators. The power is used both locally and sold to the electric companies. The modular systems operate nearly automatically with no special skills requirement. Routine maintenance is minimal and processing can occur around the clock.
With biomass gasification, we can do our part by providing solutions for business’ with disposable feedstocks that are suitable for conversion into electric energy and heat rather than being dumped at waste sites or left to rot in place. Planet Green Solutions’ business is to provide Green Energy; that is energy generated from a renewable source, is environmentally friendly, preserves valuable resources, and seeks to provide a carbon neutral footprint.